The Newfoundland is a large working dog. They were originally bred and used in Newfoundland to pull nets for fishermen and work as draft animals.
newfoundland Information

Average sizes and life expectancy of the breed


26-28 Inches


100-150 Lbs.


26-28 Inches

Newfoundland Information

The Newfoundland is a large working dog. They were originally bred and used in Newfoundland to pull nets for fishermen and work as draft animals. The breed can be either black, brown, or white and black (called Landseer).

Newfoundlands are massive dogs, with males weighing 150 pounds or more and females averaging around 120 pounds. They are large-boned and have a water-resistant double coat that is either wavy or curly.

The Newfoundland is a gentle, intelligent breed that is good with children and other animals. They are loyal and affectionate, but can be protective of their family and home.

Exercise Needs

The Newfoundland is a working dog and needs a fair amount of exercise. They should be taken on a daily walk or jog, and allowed to run and play in a large, fenced area.

Newfoundlands are not suited for hot climates, as they can overheat quickly. They love to swim, so if you live near water, this can be a great way to exercise your Newfoundland.

Newfoundlands are also known for their excellent tracking abilities, so if you enjoy hiking or walking in the woods, your Newfoundland will likely be happy to join you.


Newfoundlands are intelligent dogs and can be easy to train. They respond well to positive reinforcement methods such as treats, praise, and petting.

Newfoundlands need to be socialized from a young age to prevent them from becoming shy or aggressive around people.

The Newfoundland is a working dog breed with a strong work ethic. Trainers can harness this to make training more manageable, as they will be eager to please their owner.

Health Issues

Newfoundlands are generally a healthy breed, but there are some health issues that they are prone to. These include hip and elbow dysplasia, eye problems, and heart disease.

Newfoundlands can also be susceptible to bloat, a serious condition when the stomach twists or fills with gas.


The Newfoundland has a thick, double coat that is water-resistant. This coat needs to be brushed regularly to prevent mats and tangles. Newfoundlands shed a moderate amount, so daily brushing is necessary during shedding season.

The Newfoundland’s coat should be trimmed around the feet and anus to prevent matting and keep the dog clean.

Newfoundlands do not need to be bathed often, as their coat is self-cleaning. However, they should be given a bath every few months to remove any dirt or debris that may be trapped in their fur.

Ears should be checked regularly and cleaned as needed to prevent infection. Nails should be trimmed monthly or as required.

Breed Identification


Solid Black, Brown, Or Gray, May Have White On Chin, Chest, Toes, And Tail Tip; Or White Base Color



Breed Care


Every day


Up to 1 hour per day


Hip Dysplasia, Elbow Dysplasia, Gastric Dilatation Volvulus (Bloat), Tricuspid Valve Dysplasia, Cardiomyopathy

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