Bernese Mountain Dog

The Bernese mountain dog is a large, working breed of dog initially bred in the Swiss Alps to be working dogs on farms.
Bernese Mountain Dog Information

Average sizes and life expectancy of the breed


17-20 Inches


70-120 Lbs.


6-8 years

Bernese Mountain Dog Information

The Bernese mountain dog is a large, working breed of dog initially bred in the Swiss Alps to be working dogs on farms.

They are loyal and affectionate family pets, but they also have the strength and endurance to be working dogs. Bernese mountain dogs are often used as therapy dogs due to their calm and gentle nature.

Today, Bernese mountain dogs are still used as working dogs in some parts of the world. But, they are most popular as family pets. They are good with children and other animals and make loyal and affectionate companions. Bernese mountain dogs are also used as therapy dogs in many hospitals and nursing homes.

Exercise Needs

Bernese mountain dogs are active dogs and need plenty of exercise. They should be taken on long walks or hikes every day. Bernese mountain dogs also enjoy playing fetch and other games.


Bernese mountain dogs are intelligent and eager to please, making them relatively easy to train. They respond well to positive reinforcement. Basic obedience training is recommended for all Bernese mountain dogs.

Health Issues

Bernese mountain dogs are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they are prone to certain health conditions. Some of the most common health problems seen in Bernese mountain dogs include hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia, and bloat.


Bernese mountain dogs have a thick, long fur coat requiring regular grooming. Their coat is not hypoallergenic and they do shed. Owners should brush them several times a week to prevent mats and tangles. Bernese mountain dogs also need to be bathed regularly.

Breed Identification


Tricolored; Black With Tan Markings And White Flashings



Breed Care


More than once a week


Up to 1 hour per day


Elbow Dysplasia, Hip Dysplasia, Aseptic Meningitis, Osteochondrosis

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